Martin Knoll studied history and German language and literature at Regensburg University (Germany), where he wrote his doctoral thesis on privileged hunting in the early modern age, gaining his PhD in 2003. His main research interests are early modern cultural history, environmental history, and urban environmental history. He held positions as lecturer (Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter, 2001-2004), and assistant professor (Wissenschaftlicher Assistent, 2004-2007) at Regensburg University. Since 2007, he has taught as an assistant professor at Darmstadt Technical University. Together with Verena Winiwarter, Knoll co-authored the textbook Umweltgeschichte: Eine Einführung [Environmental History: An Introduction] (2007). From 2007-2009 he served as secretary and board member of the European Society for Environmental History (ESEH).
While at the Center, Knoll worked on a project that studied the perception of nature and the interactions between society and nature in early modern topographical literature. After his stay at the RCC, Knoll returned to Darmstadt Technical University were he was awarded the habilitation for his research in 2012.