Francis Ludlow is a postdoctoral fellow (2013-2016) with the Yale Climate and Energy Institute. He obtained a BA in Geography and Economics from Trinity College Dublin in 2003, a Postgraduate Diploma in Statistics from Trinity in2005, and a PhD in Geography from Trinity in 2011. From 2011-2013, Francis was an environmental fellow at the Harvard University Center for the Environment, and from 2012-2013 was a research affiliate of the Harvard University Center for Geographic Analysis. He was also a pre- and postdoctoral research fellow with the Trinity Long Room Hub in 2009-2011 before holding the position of research associate in 2011-2013. From 2007-2011 he lectured in the School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin; he has also lectured at Dublin City University, the National University of Ireland, Maynooth, and St. Patrick's College, Drumcondra, Dublin. In 2008-2009 he worked in University College Cork as part of the Extreme Weather, Climate, and Natural Disasters in Ireland project, funded by the Irish Environmental Protection Agency.